How Is Your Phone Changing You?  Should you be worried about…

How Is Your Phone Changing You? 

Should you be worried about your cellphone?

References/Further Reading:

By: AsapSCIENCE.
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How Is Your Phone Changing You?  Should you be worried about…

Basal ganglia and Action Selection  In this video we go beyond…

Basal ganglia and Action Selection 

In this video we go beyond the classic direct and indirect pathways model of the basal ganglia and explore its role in Action Selection, as well as a new model of basal ganglia function.

By: Brains Explained.

Basal ganglia and Action Selection  In this video we go beyond…

How Neurononsense Keeps Women in Their PlaceHave new brain…

How Neurononsense Keeps Women in Their Place

Have new brain imaging techniques really revealed that women and men are ‘hardwired’ for their gender roles? Or has neuroscience become misappropriated to justify gender gaps? Professor of cognitive neuroimaging Gina Rippon investigates.

There is a long history of debate about biological sex differences and their part in determining gender roles, with the ‘biology is destiny’ mantra being used to legitimise imbalances in these roles. The tradition is continuing, with new brain imaging techniques being hailed as sources of evidence of the ‘essential’ differences between men and women, and the concept of ‘hardwiring’ sneaking into popular parlance as a brain-based explanation for all kinds of gender gaps.

But the field is littered with many problems. Some are the product of ill-informed popular science writing (neurotrash) based on the misunderstanding or misrepresentation of what brain imaging can tell us. Some, unfortunately involve poor science, with scientists using outdated and disproved stereotypes to design and interpret their research (neurosexism). These problems obscure or ignore the ‘neuronews’, the breakthroughs in our understanding of how plastic and permeable our brains are, and how the concept of ‘hard-wiring’ should be condemned to the dustbin of neurohistory.

This talk aims to offer ways of rooting out the neurotrash, stamping out the neurosexism and making way for neuronews.

Gina Rippon is Professor of Cognitive Neuroimaging at Aston University. Her research involves the application of brain imaging techniques, particularly electroencephalography, (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG), to studies of normal and abnormal cognitive processes.

Q&A – How Neurononsense Keeps Women in Their Place

What does neuroscience have to say about transgender issues? Do the things we’re told about how boys and girls learn dictate how they really do learn? What role does differences in hormones in males and females have? Gina Rippon answers questions from the audience following her talk.

By: The Royal Institution

How Neurononsense Keeps Women in Their PlaceHave new brain…

Testing 5 Extraordinary Animals – Extraordinary Animals Here at…

Testing 5 Extraordinary Animals – Extraordinary Animals 

Here at Earth Unplugged we enjoyed the program Extraordinary Animals so much we thought it would be interesting to show you guys some highlights. In this video five smart animals are tested on their abilities.

By: Earth Unplugged.

Testing 5 Extraordinary Animals – Extraordinary Animals Here at…

Can a video game end pain?  Virtual reality has transformed the…

Can a video game end pain? 

Virtual reality has transformed the gaming world – now it’s helping to change the way we treat pain – find out how V.R. games can help ease pain.

The goal of this virtual reality game isn’t to beat out your opponent or destroy aliens – it’s to help put a stop to pain – it’s a technique that helps distract patients from painful procedures.

“We’ve found that virtual reality can get patients through any number of painful procedures. We focused on burn care. It’s an elaborate distraction, a way to pull people’s attention away from the procedure itself and the pain the procedure causes,” said David Patterson, a psychologist at the University of Washington in Seattle.

According to Hunter Hoffman, a cognitive psychologist at the University of Washington, “burn patients most of the time their pain is well controlled by pain medications. But during certain procedures when they’re having their wounds cleaned, for example or when they’re doing physical therapy stretching exercise, the pain is much higher and is often uncontrolled pain.”

The virtual game called Snow World, immerses patients into an alternate reality where they can swoop through an icy, snowy canyon and throw snowballs at snowmen, penguins and igloos.
“What’s exciting about Snow World is it’s a paradigm shift away from just relying solely on pain medications, and shows the power of the human mind for helping patients control their own pain,” said Hoffman.

The experience is so engaging that patients have reported great success.

Hoffman also said, “we’re finding that, that drastically reduced their subjective experience of how much pain they feel.”

To test the virtual game – the pain patients might feel during a procedure is simulated with a thermal device on a volunteer’s skin. It creates brief periods of heat-related pain.

It doesn’t harm, but it’s enough to cause a reaction. Volunteers are then asked to rate their pain when playing the game.

Researchers are working to find out whether the virtual reality game affects the brain in the same way pain medications do.

“We’ve also done brain scan studies showing large reductions in pain related brain activity during virtual reality,” said Hoffman.

Researchers found that regions of the brain that register pain showed the least amount of activity with a combination of virtual reality and pain medication.

Hoffman said, “we’re not replacing the pain meds, but we’re amplifying the effectiveness of the overall pain control by using this non pharmacologic approach.”

Using the V.R. approach to distract attention away from discomfort is the ultimate 3D reality experience.

“Ultimately the more we can get their attention, capture their attention the more pain relief there’s going to be,” said Patterson.

By: Inside Science.

Can a video game end pain?  Virtual reality has transformed the…

How Do Things Hide In Plain Sight?  Did you see that?…

How Do Things Hide In Plain Sight? 

Did you see that? …No? With so much going on around us, our brain sometimes misses the details – here’s why.

Read More:

By: DNews.

How Do Things Hide In Plain Sight?  Did you see that?…